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The concept of “FEAR” in Daniel Defoe’s novel

The concept of “FEAR” in Daniel Defoe’s novel
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The concept of “FEAR” in Daniel Defoe’s novel

The World View Picture.
Antropocentrism of the world View.
The concept of “FEAR” in Daniel Defoe’s novel
“ Robinson Crusoe”.

The world view is the universal schemata devoid of national ethnocultural component. The point is that the world view is really a common contrust for the community based upon the individual one. The speaker employing it introduces his own opinion, interpretation. That’s language image never directly corresponds to a certain object of reality. It always contains speaker’s view of the object. And even if s/he wants to reveal it with maximum resemblance to the original, it’s impossible. In other words the language world view differs from objective world due to the spesific features of a separate individual culturerevealed in the language. During the interpretation of reality some qualities of the object, which are of no importance, may be lost, while the important ones are preserved. That is some information is a basic one, the other – new, the most important at the moment.
The problem here is that what is new for one speaker may be basic for other. To solve this problem, linguistics proved that the only important qualities of language ere those which are reflected in speaker’s speech.
To demonstrate the world view picture on the example, let’s interpret Robinson Crusoe’s viewing of the world. The example taken from Daniel Defoe’s novel “Robinson Crusoe” is a good one because the main character has an opportunity to interpret the two kinds of world. The one is a modern society Robinson used to live in, the other is quite opposite to the first one, a world of dispair, fear, anger, loneliness…
Having found himself on a deserted island, the character of Defoe gave way to dispair and fear, lost control over himself, ability to think logically. There was something in his character which allowed him to go through all the difficulties which he faced so many times. As he said “No matter how complicated my situation wasmy mind began to struggle with the fear which preoccupied my thoughts”. We can consider the concept of fear to be the main one in the novel. Reading the novel a reader can notice the change of the concept in the novel. At first it was fear of being devoured by animals, that’s the instinct of life preservation was a dominating one ( e.g “…repose, but durst not sleep for fear of being devoured; …at the approach of night I slept in a tree, for fear of wild creatures; the fear of being swallowed up alive made me that I never slept in quiet; …whither to go for provisions and whither not to go for fear of being devoured; …lodged in the tree all night for fear of being devoured by wild beasts…).
fear of human beings ( e.g. …of the fear of men…)
fear of God, his revenge ( e.g …all life is the most destitute of the fear of God.)
fear of death.
The main reason for the author’s revealing the feeling of fear was that he aimed at showing the misery of human beings in extreme situations, when they are out of their usual place, out of being the master of the situation. In such situations s/he usually loses his/her human values. So, under such circumstances this feeling
and the feeling of self-preservation determines the actions of the main character. As Robinson Crusoe said: “Oh, what rediculous resolutions men take when posessed with fear!”In this case Robinson considered if a person managed to stay alive after the disaster, s/he should go on living and find the way out of any situation. According to Robinson’s conclusion a human being may feel fear, disappointment, anger, loneliness but any negative situation has something positive.
As we see, in the centre of the novel there is a human being, its problems, views of the situation, thoughts, interests, desires. So, the procedure of creating the world picture is always connected with the reconstruction of a certain system of the human knowledge.

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