Реферат на тему:
The Regions and Cities of Ukraine
The Kherson Region is situated in the south of Ukraine, the zone of steppes, which reaches the Dnieper.
The territory of the region is situated in Prichernomorie Lowland. The area is 28,500 square kilometres.
The population is more than 1 mln people.
Administrative division: the area consists of 18 rural districts and 3 municipal districts in the Kherson-city. The region has 9 cities, 3 of them are regional subordinates, 30 towns and many villages.
There are more than 50 nationalities in the region. The share of the Ukrainians is the biggest.
Agricultural-climatical conditions: the region is divided into 6 zones: cereals and industrial crops are cultivated in the northern and eastern areas, vegetable-growing, gardening, vinegrowing are cultivated in the southern and central areas.
The public sector remains the main producer of the agricultural production.
The Khmelnytskyi Region is located in the western part of Ukraine in the Volyno-Podilska Highland. The region borders on Vinnytsia in the East, Ternopil in the West, Rivne in the North-West and Chernivtsi in the South. The area of the Khmelnitsky Region is 6 thousand square kilometres.
As for its administrative division, the region has 13 cities, 20 districts and many villages. The largest cities are Khmelnytskyi, and Kamianets-Podilsky. The other cities and towns are rather small as for their population.
Population of the Khmelnytskyi Region is 1,509,000. The region is located in favourable geographical area. It is a gateway to both the East and the West.
The transport system of the region is quite developed. The most important railway and other roads of Ukraine go through the territory of the Khmelnytskyi Region. The highspeed railways "Kyiv-West" and the "Western Europe-Kyiv" are being designed which will go through the Khmelnytskyi Region.
The region energetics is based upon delivered coal and oil, natural gas and local peat-bed.
The light industry branch is represented by textile factories. There are shoe, knitted-goods, haberdashery factories in Khmelnytskyi.
In short, this is Khmelnytchyna. It generously opens for all those who want to see the roads and paths of a small but beautiful land.
Ivano-Frankivsk is located in the west of Ukraine at the juncture of the East-European Plain and the Ukrainian Carpathians. Its territory is 9 thousand sq. km. Population — 5 mln people. Ivano-Frankivsk Region is the 18th region of Ukraine as for the population and the 22nd as for the territory.
It comprises 14 administrative districts and 5 cities and towns of the regional subordination.
The region is rich in natural resources. There are the deposits of oil and gas, peat, phosphates and magnesium salts, large deposits of clay, gypsum, limestone and gravel.
Forests of the region occupy a very large territory with a lot of valuable industrial species. The agricultural lands are valuable too.
As for local water resources, Ivano-Frankivsk Region ranks the second among the regions of Ukraine. The largest rivers of the region are the Dniester, the Cheremosh, and the Prut.
The economy of the region is of industrial-agricultural character.
The industrial potential of the region is mainly concentrated in Ivano-Frankivsk, Kolomyia.
Kirovohrad Region is located in the central part of Ukraine between the Dnipro and the South Buh in the southern part of Prydniprovska Upland.
It was established on 10 January, 1939. Its territory is 24.6 thou0and square kilometres.
Administrative centre of the region is Kirovohrad. The region is inhabited by 1,230 thousand persons. Various kinds of population inhabit this region: Ukrainians, Russians, Moldovans, Belorussians, Jews, etc.
The region consists of 21 administrative districts.
The region has got a favourable geographical position and developed transport network. Its territory is crossed by numerous railways, linking important industrial and agricultural areas of the south with the centre and the south-west of Ukraine.