Zinedine Yazid Zidane (born ), popularly nicknamed Zizou, is a former football midfielder who played for four European , including and . As a member and later captain of the he participated in two finals - including winning the tournament in 1998 - and in three , winning that tournament in 2000.
Having gained fame in Europe as a for Juventus, Zidane attracted worldwide attention in the with two headed goals against which won his country its first . He also contributed to France's victory in , and at the club level he went on to win domestic championships in and with Juventus and Real Madrid respectively. In the final of the he scored the winning goal for Real Madrid. At the , he played an inspiring role in his team's advancement to the final and was named "Most Outstanding Player" of the tournament, receiving the . However, Zidane's career ended in disgrace as he was dismissed in extra-time of the 2006 Final for Italian defender Marco Materazzi. The red card he received in the 2006 World Cup Final brought him to equal two negative disciplinary records (see ): most cautions for a player in World Cup games (six), and most sending-offs (two).
Zidane was elected a record-equalling three times (1998, 2000, 2003), finished in the top-three an additional three times (1997, 2002, 2006). He was also named in 1998. The world-record fee of Ђ66 million (US$87 million, Ј47 million) for his transfer to Real Madrid in 2001 is the highest ever paid. In 2004, he topped the as the "Best European football player of the past 50 years", and was included in the , 's list of the 125 greatest living footballers.
As originally announced on , Zidane retired from professional football after the .
Zidane was born in on , 1972 into a family of ethnicity, as the youngest of five children, and was raised in La Castellane, a government-sponsored housing project (citй ) in the city's northern suburbs (the Quartier Nord). His parents, Ismail (ЗУгЗЪнб) and Malika (гбЯе) were originally from the village of , , from where they had immigrated to France. In 1993, Zidane married Vйronique Zidane (born Lentisco), a former dancer and model of origin whose parents live in , , . They have four sons: Enzo (born and named after the Uruguyan Football player , Zidane's childhood hero), Luca (born ), Thйo (born ), and Йlyaz (born ).
Early career, Cannes and Bordeaux (1988–1996)
Zidane got his start in football at a young age when he joined the junior team of US Saint-Henri, his local club in the La Castellane district of . At the age of 14, Zidane left Septemes and participated in the first year junior selection for the league championship, where Jean Varraud, ' recruiter, took notice of him. Zidane went to for what was intended to be a six-week stay, but remained at the club for four years to play with professionals.Showing the determination of an athlete who wanted to exceed expectations, Zidane played his first game in First Division at the age of 17, and it was from then that football went from an ambition to a passion. The Cannes midfielder scored his first goal on February 8th, 1991 (he received a Clio as a promise from the Cannes President, who promised him a car when he scored his first goal as a professional), and his first season with the club was marked by a qualification for the UEFA Cup. Zidane's second season with Cannes was not as promising, but on the non-professional front he met his future wife Veronique, a Spanish dancer. Afterwards, Zidane spent four years with , leading them to victory in the and to a 2nd place in the tournament. In Bordeaux, he met and , with whom he played a set of midfield combinations that would become the trademark of both Bordeaux and the 1998 French national team. In 1996, he was transferred to 's for a fee of Ј 3 million.
Turin and Madrid (1996–2006)
At Juventus, Zidane was one of the top players and playmaker of 's team, along with , , and . His team won two titles and reached two consecutive finals, in 1997 and 1998, losing both, the latter to the club .