The history of Minsk Tractor Works dates back to May 26, 1946 when the decision to construct it was taken. According to the project, the enterprise was to produce 50 tracked farm tractors a day. The production developed step by step while the enterprise was under construction. In 1948-1958, the enterprise introduced into production PD-10 starting motors, D-35 diesel engines, KD-35 tracked tractors, KT-12, TDT-40, TDT-60 tracked logging tractors.
A team of design engineers was formed by the end of the 1950's and began to develop own designs. They created the Belarus MTZ-2 wheeled tractor with pneumatic tires, which defined the future specialization of the enterprise. The tractor was put into production in 1953. In 1957-1960, more than ten models of wheeled tractors were created and introduced, such as MTZ-5, MTZ-5K, MTZ-5L, MTZ-7 tractors and their modifications.
In 1958, Minsk Tractor Works made its one hundredth tractor.
In 1961, a significant achievement was made with the introduction of the MTZ-50 versatile wheeled tractor powered by a 55 h. p. engine. It became a basic model for a whole family of tractors for various applications. All the tractors had a high degree of unification and included the MTZ-52 high-flotation tractor model.
An intensive export development started with the introduction of the MTZ-50/52 tractors. By the end of 1975, the export volume exceeded 18,000 units a year.
Minsk Tractor Works made its one-millionth tractor in November 1972.
In 1974, the MTZ-80 tractor was put into batch production. It had more power and higher capacity and was the most numerous tractor model in the world. A whole family of wheeled and tracked tractors for a variety of applications was implemented on the basis of this model. They include: MTZ-82 (4WD), MTZ-82R (for rise farming), MTZ-82N (for work in hilly environment), MTZ-82B (with reversible
workstation), MTZ-80X, MTZ-80X2 (for cotton farming), etc.
The enterprise was reorganized into the Production Association "Minsk Tractor Works" in 1975. Besides the parent enterprise it included Special Tools and Industrial Equipment Plant, Vitebsk Tractor Spare Parts Plant, Bobruisk
Tractor Parts and Assemblies Plant, and Main Specialized Design Bureau of Versatile Row-Crop Tractors. Smorgon Assemblies Plant was built and joined the Association in 1986. The two millionth Belarus tractor was assembled at the
main assembly line on March 24,1984.
In 1984, Minsk Tractor Works introduced its 100 h. p. MTZ-102 tractor in continuation of the development of the Belarus tractor design. The tractor had synchronized gearbox or could be fitted with its on-the-go shifting option; hydrostatic steering control; more powerful hydraulic hitch; new cab, and other Refinements.
The first improved samples of the 150 h. p. MTZ-142 tractor
were made in 1985. In order to satisfy the demand of individuals working on lim-
ited land surfaces for small agricultural machines, Minsk Tractor Works has started to manufacture mini-vehicles since 1978. It has developed and put into production motoblocks (5 h. p. MTZ-05, 6 h. p. MTZ-06, 8 h. p. MTZ-08BS, 12 h. p.
MTZ-12) and the 12 h. p. MTZ-082 four-wheel mini-tractors.
It has also introduced compact 22-35 h. p. tractors. The goal of Minks Tractor Works is to satisfy the customer's demand to the highest degree, substantially broaden the number of products, increase the production efficiency, qual-
ity and technical level of the products. Simplified design models, like 510, 512, 520, 522, 530, 532 have been put into production to meet the goal.
The enterprise has launched the production of 80-90 h. p. Belarus tractors equipped with new high-level components and systems (900/920, 950/952 models). In 1994, it stared to manufacture the 130 h. p. Belarus-1221 tractor.
The highly efficient and productive 150 h. p. Belarus-1522 tractor was put into production in 1999. Now, the new 250 h. p. Belarus-2522 tractor undergoes testing.
Minsk Tractor Works has organized the production of 15 special models based on the existing Belarus tractors and their components. Such models are designed for municipal services, forestry, mining, and material handling applications.
In 1995, the three millionth Belarus tractor was assembled at the main assembly line, and the number of exported tractors reached 500,000.
For its considerable contribution to the development of the industry and international cooperation Minsk Tractor Works has been awarded The Gold Mercury world prize. The Belarus tractors have won 26 gold, 2 silver and 1 bronze