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Англійські неологізми

Англійські неологізми
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Table of contents

1. Introduction_________________________________________________

2. The definition of neologism____________________________________

3. Changing culture_____________________________________________

4. Cultural acceptance___________________________________________

5. Versions of neologisms________________________________________

6. Types of neologisms__________________________________________

7. Neologisms in literature_______________________________________

8. Neologisms in psychology_____________________________________

9. Neologisms in theology_______________________________________

10. Methods of coinage neologisms________________________________

11. Word building models of coinage neologisms_____________________

12. Stylistic stratification of neologisms_____________________________

13. Semantical models of coinage of neologisms______________________

14. Description of the software product_____________________________

15. General information about NeoLog_____________________________

16. Basic features of Windows____________________________________

17. The Delphi Interface_________________________________________

18. The creation of the program in Delphi___________________________

19. Components of the NeoLog program____________________________

20. Use of databases in Delphi____________________________________

21. Tables of database of the NeoLog program_______________________

22. Combining of databases with the components of the program_________

23. Visible and invisible components_______________________________

24. Creation of procedures of studying the event______________________

25. Organization of multiwindows projects__________________________

26. Installation of the program____________________________________

27. Order of work in the NeoLog environment_______________________

28. Zusammenfassung__________________________________________

29. Summary_________________________________________________

30. Conclusion_______________________________________________

31. References_______________________________________________

A neologism is word, term, or phrase which has been recently created ("coined") - often to apply to new concepts, or to reshape older terms in newer language form. Neologisms are especially useful in identifying inventions, new phenomena, or old ideas which have taken on a new cultural context.

Neologisms are by definition "new," and as such are often directly attributable to a specific individual, publication, period or event. The term "neologism" was itself coined around 1800; thus for some time in the early 19th Century, the word "neologism" was itself a neologism. It can also refer to an existing word or phrase which has been assigned a new meaning.

Changing culture

Neologisms tend to occur more often in cultures which are rapidly changing, and also in situations where there is easy and fast propagation of information. They are often created by combining existing words or by giving words new and unique suffixes or prefixes. Those which are portmanteaus are shortened. Neologisms can also be created through abbreviation or acronym, by intentionally rhyming with existing words, or simply through playing with sounds.

Neologisms often become popular by way of mass media, the Internet, or word of mouth. Every word in a language was, at some time, a neologism, though most of these ceased to be such through time and acceptance.

Neologisms often become accepted parts of the language. Other times, however, they disappear from common usage. Whether or not a neologism continues as part of the language depends on many factors, probably the most important of which is acceptance by the public. Acceptance by linguistic experts and incorporation into dictionaries also plays a part, as does whether the phenomenon described by a neologism remains current, thus continuing to need a descriptor. It is unusual, however, for a word to enter common use if it does not resemble another word or words in an identifiable way. (In some cases however, strange new words succeed because the idea behind them is especially memorable or exciting). When a word or phrase is no longer "new," it is no longer a neologism. Neologisms may take decades to become "old," though. Opinions differ on exactly how old a word must be to no longer be considered a neologism; cultural acceptance probably plays a more important role than time in this regard.

Cultural acceptance

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Дипломна робота на тему: Англійські неологізми

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