State of Colorado
Flag of Colorado
Nickname(s): The Centennial State
Motto(s): Nil sine numine
"Nothing without Providence"'
Official language(s) | English
Demonym | Coloradan
Capital | Denver
Largest city | Denver
Largest metro area | Denver-Aurora Metro Area
Area | Ranked 8th in the US
Total | 104,185
Width | 280451 km)
Length | 380612 km)
water | 0.36%
Latitude | 37°N to 41°N
Longitude | 102°03'W to 109°03'W
Population | Ranked 22nd in the US
Total | 4,861,515 (2007 est.)
Density | 41.5/sq (16.01/kmІ)
Ranked 37th in the US
Median income | $51,022 (10th)
Highest point | Mount Elbert 14,440 (4401 m)
Mean | 6,800 (2073 m)
Lowest point | Arikaree River
3,315 (1010 m)
Admission to Union | 1876-08-01 (38th)
Governor | Bill Ritter (D)
Lieutenant Governor | Barbara O'Brien (D)
U.S. Senators | 2 - Wayne Allard (R)
3 - Ken Salazar (D)
Congressional Delegation | List
Time zone | MST=UTC-07, MDT=UTC-06
Abbreviations | CO Colo. US-CO
Website | www.colorado.gov
The State of Colorado (pronounced /k?l?'rжdo?/ or, chiefly by nonresidents, /k?l??r??do?/help·info)) is a state located in the Rocky Mountain region of the United States of America. Colorado may also be considered to be a part of the Western and Southwestern regions of the United States. The United States Census Bureau estimates that the state population was 4,861,515 in 2007, a 13.03% increase since the U.S. Census 2000. Denver is the capital as well as the most populous city of Colorado. Citizens of Colorado are known as Coloradans.
The State of Colorado is defined as the geoellipsoidal rectangle that stretches from 37°N to 41°N latitude and from 102°03'W to 109°03'W longitude (25°W to 32°W from the Washington Meridian). Colorado, Wyoming, and Utah are the only three U.S. states that have only lines of latitude and longitude for boundaries and that have no natural borders. When government surveyors established the border markers for the Territory of Colorado, minor surveying errors created several small kinks along the borders, most notably along the border with the Territory of Utah. The surveyors' benchmarks, once agreed upon by the interested parties, became the legal boundaries for the Colorado Territory.
The summit of Mount Elbert at 14,440(4,401elevation in Lake County is the state's highest point and the highest point in the entire Rocky Mountains. Colorado has more than 50 mountain peaks that exceed 4,000(13,123 ft) elevation. Colorado is the only U.S. state that lies entirely above 1,000 meters (3,281elevation. The point where the Arikaree River flows out of Yuma County, Colorado, and into Cheyenne County, Kansas, is the lowest point in the State of Colorado at 3,315(1,010 m) elevation. This crossing point holds the distinction of being the highest low point of any U.S. state.
Nearly half of the state is flat in stark contrast to Colorado's rugged Rocky Mountains. East of the Southern Rocky Mountains are the Colorado Eastern Plains of the High Plains, the section of the Great Plains within Colorado at elevations ranging from 3315 to 6562 feet (1010 to 2000 m). The states of Kansas and Nebraska border Colorado to the east. The plains are sparsely settled with most population along the South Platte and the Arkansas rivers. Precipitation is meager, averaging from 12 to 18 inches (300 to 450 mm) annually. There is some irrigated farming, but much of the land is used for dryland farming or ranching. Winter wheat is a typical crop and most small towns in the region boast both a water tower and a grain elevator.
The bulk of Colorado's population lives along the eastern edge of the Rocky Mountains in the Front Range Urban Corridor. This region is partially protected from prevailing storms by the high mountains to the west.
The Continental Divide dips down to 11,990(3,655at Loveland Pass.