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The spirit of the Сarpathians. Bohorodchany
THE SPIRIT OF THE CARPATHIANS
In the southwestern part of Ukraine everyone can find the Carpathian Mountains. They are divided into Gorhany (the highest peak Syvulia is 1,836 m high) and Chornohory (the highest peak Hoverla is 2,061m high). So, the Ukrain-ian Carpathians are not very high. But this is a splendid and unforgettable sight. The rapid waves of the mountain rivers clearly break over the steep banks. The high hills stretch to the blue sky. A lot of peaks are covered with snow even in early summer. Aromatic forests greet you with the cool and heady air of fir trees.
The Carpathians have the summits and gentle slopes. There are many treeless summits, which are called polonynas. The mountains have mostly coniferous and deciduous trees. You can find fir, pine, oak, beech, birch, hornbeam and linden in those places. The wealth of the forests includes also a variety of berries and a great number of mushrooms and medicinal herbs.
Among all this beauty many animals live. The animal rife of the Carpathians is unique. We can find roe-deer, fox, marten, wild boar, wolf, hare, mink, lynx, badger, stoat, deer, bear which dwell here. Rich and varied is the world of birds. Black-cock, golden eagle, woodpecker, stone thrush fondle us their songs and majesty. In spring the plateaus are abloom with saffron, primrose, mercury, snowdrop, edelweiss.
There are many legends about the springs with the healthy water! The swift rivers take their sources in the mountains. The Bystrytsia and Limnytsia, the Svicha and Prut, the Cheremosh and Lukva make the blue roads through the green forests and yellow valleys.
Wonderful and hard-working people live in this land of beauty called the Subcarpathian region. They use the nature's gifts in their life but try to keep its grandeur. Ac-cording to the way of living, the people are divided into the inhabitants of towns and villages. But most people live in the villages. Everyone knows they are hospitable, friendly and lavish.
This region has a rich and glorious history. The territory of our land was settled nearly 100,000 years ago. More than 20 settlements of Trypillia were found in Precarpathian region in Gorodenka, Kolomyia and Sniatyn districts. But this land is famous for today's national roots too. The works of carving, embroidering, weaving, ceramics and engraving are known all over Ukraine and in many countries of the world. The best craftsmen make real masterpieces using wood.
If you want to see the old traditions, welcome to Precarpattia. We'll teach you to dance kolomyika and to sing folk songs and carols, to play the trembita and to cook real varenyky, kulish and brynza. We'll show you genuine Ukrainian Hutsul wedding in their original costumes. You will have a chance to listen to the interesting stories about glorious past, nowadays life and plans for future of ordinary Ukrainians near the real vatra. If you like different curious tales we'll tell you true stories about the unusual inhabitants of ancient castles, about today's residents of the forests: mavkas, vodianyks, lisovyks, rusalkas, and domovyks that are members of the family and live in each house. Don't be afraid of them. They are very friendly and kind creatures. But be careful of bad witches and spirits that can stand on your way.
The legends and true stories are described in the works of our poets and writers. Maybe you've heard about such outstanding people of Subcarpathian region as Vasyl' Stefanyk,
Les' Martovych, Marko Cheremshyna, Antin Mohyl'nyts'kyi. The best classics of Ukrainian art M.Kotsiubyns'kyi, L.Ukrainka, H.Chotkevich, M.Lysenko, M.Zan'kovets'ka, I.Franko liked to work and rest near the Carpathians. Many poets and writers, painters and com-posers glorify our rich and wonderful land. The name of Nastia Lisovs'ka or Roksolana is known all over the world. She was the favourite wife of Suleiman sultan of Turkey.Roksolana came from Galicia, she was a very educated, clever and pretty woman who made a large contribution to the history of two countries.