THE FUNCTIONS OF AN EXECUTIVE
Anna is having lunch with her sister Barbara. Anna has just accepted a position as an Administrative Assistant. Her boss is an executive with a firm that manufactures heavy machinery used in construction.
Barbara You've got a new job, Anna. My congratulations.
Anna Thanks, Barbara.
Barbara Tell me a few words about your boss. What does he do?
Anna Well, he is one of the vice presidents of the company, so he's rather important.
He is an executive.
BarbaraDo you know the difference between an executive, a manager and an administrator?
Anna I am afraid I can hardly tell you the difference. I think these words are
interchangeable and they really aren't different in many companies.
Barbara What about your company?
Anna In our company the top officers are called administrators. The next highest group - the vice presidents, the heads of major departments and branch plant managers - are executives like my boss.
Barbara Is that all?
Anna The group below consists of managers, they are general managers and foremen.
Barbara So I see that an organization has a number of positions and some people have
more authority than others.
Anna You are right.
Barbara But it would be interesting to know more about the functions of an executive
like your boss.
Anna I'd say he makes a lot of important decisions. He sets objectives, coordinates work, delegates authority, makes hiring, firing, evaluating and just general leading.
Barbara It seems to be important.
Anna It is important. It's evident that making careful decisions is the basis of good
Barbara But do, you work under much pressure?
Anna Barbara, you know I am quite used to working under pressure from my last job.
I am also accustomed to lots of paper work and red tape.
Barbara Good for you.
Anna And what's more important I feel that I can learn a lot because my boss is very
Barbara Good, I think we'd be in a hurry not to get late for the work.
an executive керівник, адміністратор
manager керівник, адміністратор
an administrator керівник, адміністратор
vice president віце-президент
head of department керівник відділу
foreman майстер, керівник
to set objectives ставити цілі
to delegate authority розподіляти обов’язки
to work under pressure працювати з примусу
red-tape бюрократична, канцелярська робота
to be competent бути компетентним
Exercise 1. Transform the sentences according to the model.
Model: I'm accustomed to setting objectives.
I'm used to setting objectives.
1. We are accustomed to having unlimited liability.
2. He is accustomed to delegating authority.
3. They are accustomed to firing and hiring people.
4. She is accustomed to working as a head of the department.
5. You are accustomed to working under pressure.
6. The executive is accustomed to making decisions.
Exercise 2. Change the modal verb according to the model.
Model: We ought to set objectives this month.
We should set objectives this month.
1. They ought to talk about the functions of an executive.
2. A manager ought to make careful decisions.
3. An executive ought to be very competent.
4. A vice president ought to decide on hiring, firing, vacation, hours.
5. The board of directors ought to plan objectives and changes.
6. They ought to have a meeting with a head of the department.
Exercise 3. Your executive is a very tough man. What should his staff do to please him?
to be creative – мати творчий підхід до справи
to be well-organized – бути добре організованим
to keep fit – тримати себе у формі
to be punctual – бути пунктуальним
to be enthusiastic – бути ентузіастом
to obey the rules – підкорятися (слідувати) правилам
Exercise 4. Answer the questions.
1. What working position is the best for you?
2. Are you accustomed to working under pressure?
3. Are you accustomed to a red-tape job?