Phenomenon of "Orange Revolution" in Ukraine has apparently become a key event in modern history of the country: a unique and more importantly peaceful shift of the purse-proud and contumelious authorities has enabled the country to make a breakthrough from "independent to free society" as President Yuschenko has recently said. Kaleidoscope of revolutionary events has been widely discussed in the media and has not yet escaped from the memory of the participants and spectators. However, as the immediate emotions have passed by and without an attempt to reconstruct the chronology of the events we will try to reevaluate the issue of the Revolution through adding more psychological colors to the socio-political canvas that has been already painted.
"Divided and United" - this popular title for the studies originally dedicated to the Civil War in the US perfectly well describes the state of affairs in pre and post-election Ukraine. "Divided nation" was the first both domestic and foreign experts were starting from while speaking about the Revolution (those who were glued to mass media during these "17 instances of winter" apparently don't need any other arguments of issue's vitality). The visitors of multiple web-sites, readers of newspapers and magazines, yet, TV viewership must remember the "orange-and-blue" map of Ukraine perfectly well. Millions of foreigners who had been unaware of a geographical location of Ukraine prior to the Revolution appeared now competent not only in the geography of the country; moreover, they have learned where Kyiv, L'viv and Donet'sk are located, made a deep insight into the history and culture of the nation and the reasons of revolution! However, as the country is seemingly "piecing up the quarrel" we will not dear to salt the wound and discuss the problem of divided society (furthermore, these ideas have been paid much attention in media before). And, so excuse me the former partisans of the "blue camp" and "orangemen", the emphasis will be further made rather on the nation united than divided!
Though the issue of "Orange Revolution" remains and obviously will remain highly debated amidst domestic and foreign scholars, politicians and common people for further decades, delighted attitudes and opinions quite often dull "boring" scholar explanations of both the Revolution and the reasons behind it. As a result, the implicit psychological reasons often appear literally "behind the scene". In fact, psychological aspects of "Orange Revolution" may be well exemplified with the classic Shakespearian character of "the ghost of Hamlet's father": also no one was questioning its importance the issue was paid much less attention than it deserved.
Traditional problem of psychology (and the Revolution didn't make an exception here) is that it is more implicit and hidden from apprehension comparing with more explicit and easy to cognize by common people factors (e.g.: social, economic, political, etc.). For those who remember former Soviet textbooks it may be furthermore memorable that official propaganda used to put very socio-political and economic reasons in the center of all public clamors. As a result, most conventionally, "Orange Revolution" has been analyzed from social, political, economic and other perspectives apparently lacking psychological reflections and reevaluations.
However, psychological components resulted in the outburst of people's emotions, rejections of falsified elections, reprobation of disgusting attempts to assume the reins of government were hardly less important than social, economic or other more explicit factors of the revolt. One of the fewest attempts targeted to reconsider the phenomenon "psychologically" was a round table in the Institute of social and political psychology of the Ukrainian Academy of Pedagogic Sciences held in January. Let's, hence, attempt to summarize the findings and trace most important psychological reasons behind "Orange revolution" separating, simultaneously, the "husk from the grain".