President of the United States George W. Bush
President of the United States
Formation: | ,
The President of the United States of America (sometimes referred to as POTUS) is the and of the . The president is at the head of the of the , whose role is to enforce national law as given in the and written by . establishes the president as of the and enumerates powers specifically granted to the president, including the power to sign into law or bills passed by both houses of Congress, to create a of advisors, to grant or reprieves, and, with the "" of the , to make and appoint federal officers, , and federal , including Justices of the . As with officials in the other branches of the United States government, the Constitution restrains the president with a set of designed to prevent any individual or group from taking absolute power.
The president is elected through the to a four year term, with a limit of two terms imposed by the , ratified in 1951. Under this system, each state is allocated a number of electoral votes, equal to the size of the state's delegation in both houses of Congress combined. The is also granted electoral votes, per the . Voters in nearly all states choose a presidential candidate through the , whom then receives all of that state's electoral votes. A simple majority of electoral votes is needed to become president; if no candidate receives that many votes, the election is thrown to the , which votes by state delegation.
While in office, the in serves as the place of residence for the president. The president is also entitled to use its staff and facilities, including medical care, recreation, housekeeping, and security services. One of two aircraft, which are extensively modified versions of -200B airliners, serve as long distance travel for the president, and are referred to as while the president is on board. A salary of 400,000, along with other benefits, is paid to the president annually.
The United States was the first country to create the office of as head of state of a modern . Since the adoption of the Constitution, forty-two individuals have been elected or succeeded into the presidency, the first being , serving forty-three different presidencies altogether (since Grover Cleveland was the twenty-second and twenty-fourth president(s) of the U.S.A.). The current president is , inaugurated on , to a first term and on , to a second. His term expires at noon on , , after which he will be replaced by the winner of the . From the middle of the twentieth century, the United States' status as a has led the American president to become one of the world's most well-known and influential public figures. are regarded by many as events of international as well as national significance and are closely followed in many places around the world.
The left the United States independent and at peace but with an unsettled governmental structure. The had drawn up in 1777, describing a permanent confederation but granting to the Congress—the only federal institution—little power to finance itself or to ensure that its resolutions were enforced. In part this reflected the anti- view of the Revolutionary period, and the new American system was explicitly designed to prevent the rise of an American tyrant to replace the British King.
However, during the that followed the the viability of the American government was threatened by political unrest in several states, efforts by debtors to use popular government to erase their debts, and the apparent inability of the Continental Congress to redeem the public incurred during the war. The Congress also appeared unable to become a forum for productive cooperation among the States encouraging commerce and economic development. In response a was convened, ostensibly to reform the Articles of Confederation but that subsequently began to draft a new system of government that would include greater executive power while retaining the checks and balances thought to be essential restraints on any imperial tendency in the office of the president.