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GEORGE WASHINGTON

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GEORGE WASHINGTON
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Реферат
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Тема: « Джордж Вашингтон »

GEORGE WASHINGTON

(1ST PRESIDENT)

Plan

Name

Physical Description

Personality

Ancestors

Father

Mother

Siblings

Collateral relatives

Children

Birth

Childhood

Education

Religion

Recreation

Early romance

Betsy Fauntleroy

Mary Philipse

Sally Fairfax

Marriage

Military Service

Career before the presidency

French and Indian War, 1754 – 1763

Member of House of Burgesses (1759 – 1774)

Delegate to Continental Congress (1774 – 1775)

Commander of Chief of Continental Army during Revolution (1775 – 1783)

President of Constitutional Convention, 1787

Election as President, First Term, 1789

Election as President, Second Term, 1792

INAUGURAL ADDRESS (First)

INAUGURAL ADDRESS (Second)

VICE PRESIDENT

CABINET:

Secretary state:

Secretary of the treasury

Secretary of war

Attorney General

ADMINISTRATION

Presidents

Indian Affairs

Proclamation of Neutrality, 1793

Whiskey Rebellion, 1794

Jay’s. Treaty, 1795

Pinckney’s Treaty, 1795

Farewell Address, 1796

Sates Admitted to the Union

Constitutional Amendments Ratified

SUPERME COURT APPOINTMENTS

Ranking in 1962 historians poll

Retirement

Death

Washington’s praise (speech)

Washington’s criticized (speech)

Washington’s quote(s) (speech)

NAME: George Washington. He was probably named after George Eskridge, a lawyer in whose charge Washington's mother had been left when she was orphaned.

PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: Washington was a large, powerful man—about 6 feet 2 inches tall, 175 pounds in his prime, up to more than 200 pounds in later years. Erect in bearing, muscular, broad shouldered, he had large hands and feet (size 13 shoes), a long face with high cheekbones, a large straight nose, determined chin, blue-gray eyes beneath heavy brows and dark brown hair, which on formal occasions he powdered and tied in a queue. His fair complexion bore the marks of smallpox he contracted as a young man. He lost his teeth, probably to gum disease, and wore dentures. According to Dr. Reidar Sognnaes, former dean of the University of California at Los Angeles School of Dentistry, who has made a detailed study of Washington's bridgework, he was fitted with numerous sets of dentures, fashioned variously from lead, ivory, and the teeth of humans, cows, and other animals, but not from wood, as was popularly believed. Moreover, he was not completely toothless. Upon his inauguration as president, Washington had one of his own teeth left to work alongside the dentures. He began wearing reading glasses during the Revolution. He dressed fashionably.

PERSONALITY: A man of quiet strength, he took few friends into complete confidence. His critics mistook his dignified reserve for pomposity. Life for Washington was a serious mission, a job to be tackled soberly, unremittingly. He had little time for humor. Although basically good-natured, he wrestled with his temper and sometimes lost. He was a poor speaker and could become utterly inarticulate without a prepared text. He preferred to express himself on paper. Still, when he did speak, he was candid, direct, and looked people squarely in the eye. Biographer Douglas Southall Freeman conceded that Washington's "ambition for wealth made him acquisitive and sometimes contentious." Even after Washington had established himself, Freeman pointed out, "he would insist upon the exact payment of every farthing due him" and was determined "to get everything that he honestly could." Yet neither his ambition to succeed nor his acquisitive nature ever threatened his basic integrity.

ANCESTORS: Through his paternal grandmother, Mildred Warner Washington, he descended from King Edward III (1312-1377) of England. His great-great-grandfather the Reverend Lawrence Washington (c. 1602-1653) served as rector of All Saints, Purleigh Parish, Essex, England, but was fired when certain Puritan members accused him of being a "common frequenter of Ale­houses, not only himself sitting daily tippling there, but also encouraging others in that beastly vice." His great-grandfather John Washington sailed to America about 1656, intending to remain just long enough to take on a load of tobacco. But shortly after pushing off on the return trip, his ketch sank. Thus John remained in Virginia, where he met and married Anne Pope, the president's great-grandmother.

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