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Формування особистості та поведінки маленьких дітей з позиції біхевіоризму / сторінка 17

Назва:
Формування особистості та поведінки маленьких дітей з позиції біхевіоризму
Тип:
Реферат
Мова:
Українська
Розмiр:
32,87 KB
Завантажень:
184
Оцінка:
 
поточна оцінка 5.0


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Scientists give some advice to parents. This advice is: recognize the child’s individuality understand it and thus accept it as it is. Realize that fasically focal child will always we all to focalize and concentrated, better than more peripheral by oriented person; understand the child’s basic and inescapable endowments. The parents must help the child to understand himself and provide the kind of situation in which a child of any type can feel comfortable and can do well but tying to change the child and make him over won’t do any good. Much attention should be paid to the so called tensional outlets of children. Many grown – ups feel fence at times and have their own ways of relieving their tension smoking drinking so do children. They also sometimes feel tense and have a children. They also sometimes feel fence and have a need to relieve their own tensions. Many parents in times past have thought of thumb sucking blanket fondling, rocking, head landing as bad habits and considered them to be a sign of child’s inse curtly or misadjusting. They were sure that the child who was all right wouldn’t do such things. But scientists think of all these of all these tension-relieving behaviors as tensional outlets. It means that children feel at fimes certain normal tensions. The parents should remember one thing the less they say about them, the less they call them to his attention.
Do’s:
give the child much attention when he’s speaking to you
his ten batienfly to what he tells you understanding that it’s very important for high
let him linish without interrupting
remove disturbing influences that aggravate his no fluency
mountain calm and restful atmosphere in the house
try to spear slowly calmly and simply to him. If you do so it’ll le lasier for him to achieve fluency
see that the child isn’t too much overfired
try to keep the demands made on him with regard to his training
Don’ts:
don’ts speak about his no fluency as “stuttering”
never discus in his presence the trouble he has with his speech.
don’t be axioms about his speech.
while speaking to you don’t show in any way that you notice his difficulty in speaking.
don’t ask the child to speak slowly or stop and start again or think lefore you speak.
don’t reward him for difficulties in repetition never punish him for difficulties in repetition.
never force him into upsetting verbal into upsetting verbal situations. To crown it all one must say that prevention flames depends on parent’s understanding their child as on individual rather than applying rules on average needs parenting is one of the most demanding and creative tastes if today’s culture one in which we all need a lot of help. It’s help full to keep in mind that love heads the list of essential nutrients. The most and thing we teach our children is ti love and be loved by others the sooner the rower the child will get over them. The only advice to the parents try to take a calm and relaxed attitude forward these behaviors. The timetable of appearing and dropping out the tensional out lets is given bellow.
1 year thumb sucking is strong occurs in daytime nest before sleep; predleep rocking crib bed shaking crying.
Is months: thumb sucking ints pear; rocking bed shaking may occur, also furniture moving: tars looks or wallpaper
21 months. Learns bed apart, runs unclothed.
2 years: many presleep demands can be left alone in the room, removes everything from drawers.
2 1/2: completely disrupts playroom, both large and small objects.
3 years: fever tensional outlets: may wander about the house during the night.
3 Ѕ years: an increase in tensional outlets: spitting nose picking fingernail, hands trembling, much whining.
4 years: out of-bounds behaviour: runs away kicks spits, bites fingernails, picks nose, grimaces: verbal calls names boats silly use of language, night mares and fears a need to urinate in moments of emotional excitement vomiting.

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Реферат на тему: Формування особистості та поведінки маленьких дітей з позиції біхевіоризму

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