Namely, 33% of the words are polysemic, over one-half of LBUL units are inter-connected by different inter-lexeme links: synonymy (25%), hypero-hyponymy (10%), conversion (6.7%), antonymy (about 5%), partonymo-holonymy (5.5%), other types (about 2.8%). Polysemy, antonymy, conversion, hyperonymy, and partonymo-holonymy appear also as means of inter- and intra-group connections.
The selected 16 inter-part-of-speech groups in LBUL cover in general all the most important fields of reality; they correlate with the general onomasiological scheme obtained as a result of the comparison of synoptic schemes on the basis of ten languages thesauri. This fact gives a possibility to consider LBUL as a compressed lexical level of the Ukrainian language.
The various oppositions characterize the semantic continuum of LBUL and partition it. The classification of LBUL onto the linguistic-relevant groups of words as well as its analysis are important. It clarified a complex internal structure of LBUL.
First, the high level of the lexeme connections is revealed.
Second, it provides for the possibility to show the LBUL in the form of fields. Such an analysis allows one to compare it with the common synoptic scheme of the different languages. As a result, it opens new ways for scientific-based edition and extensions of LBUL.
Third, such a classification discovers the words requiring identical lexicographic qualification.
The results of the present study can be used when compiling the explanatory and ideographical dictionaries of modern Ukrainian language, when writing manuals for teaching Ukrainian as a foreign language, as well as in the courses on semasiology, applied, statistical, and computer linguistics.
Key words: lexical base of the Ukrainian language, word frequency, text corpus, frequency dictionary, onomasiological and semasiological approaches to the vocabulary classification, lexical meaning of the word, thesaurus, paradigmatic word class, semantic field.
Підп. до друку 22.12.2004. Формат 60?84/16. Папір друк. №3
Друк офсет. Умовн. друк. арк. 1,1. Обл.-вид. арк. 1,2.
Умовн.-фарб. відб. 1,0 Тираж 100. Зам. 460
Видавничий центр Львівського національного університету імені Івана Франка 79000, Львів, вул. Університетська, 1.