This period witnessed theoretical investigations into translation within a linguistic framework, carried out by Ye. Starynkevych and partially M. Ryl’s’kyi. O. Kundzich’s and S. Kovhaniuk’s theory of poetic language in prose translation strove from the outset for semantic exactitude and displayed a resistance to the Russification policy of the Soviet government. The Russian-Ukrainian translationese was severely criticized.
The multinational nature of the Soviet Union contributed much to the growing demand for translation research in that time. The Soviet school of Translation Studies had ontologically stemmed from different national schools of thought, and Ukrainian researchers occupied a particular place in it. A breakthrough was made by V. who investigated key theoretical problems (basic terms and concepts of Translation Studies, translation multiplicity, interpretation, methods of Translation Studies analysis).
Chapter 4 summarizes the contribution to Ukrainian Translation Studies made by scholars in the last two decades of the 20th century. The linguistic theory of translation developed alongside general linguistics, contrastive linguistics, sociolinguistics, text linguistics and other areas of linguistic research. The broad concept of macrolinguistics allowed for the extensive use of linguistic methods to describe the formal, semantic and cognitive aspects of translation. The years following Ukrainian Independence (1991) radically changed the nature of translation practice and research in general. The abolition of censorship has made some research activities possible which had previously been regarded as inadmissible on ideological grounds, like considerations of the nation-shaping role of translation as well as some historical issues and sci-tech translation. The 1990s methodological basis owes much of its agenda to the assumptions and research of the previous decade, except lingual/social and cultural studies.
Key words: Ukrainian Translation Studies, history of Translation Studies, translation theory, translation criticism, translation history, Translation Studies analysis, Translation Studies conception, translation didactics.