It investigates the semantic, functional, frequency, structural, quantitative characteristics of chronologically marked lexemes – archaisms and historical words, the similarity and difference of their functions in the historical novels by Walter Scott.
The undertaken research confirmed the initial hypothesis about the genre-determined character of the lexical structure of the historical novel. The main stable and objective marker of the genre of the historical novel is its vocabulary, containing in its semantic structure the component “past”, i.e. archaisms and historical words. The presence of such genre-marked units, their quantity, functioning and frequency makes it possible to speak about the integrity of the system of the writer's vision, about the stability of the language communicatively-pragmatic markers of the historical novel, about the unbreakable unity of the contents and form of the artistic text, in the present case represented by the genre of the historical novel.
Key words: historical novel, genre-stylistic dominant, genre-forming vocabulary, chronologically marked vocabulary, historical word, archaism.