Manuscript: Onyshko L., Kateryna Zarytska in the Ukrainian National Liberation Movement, 1930s-1940s (thesis for the degree of Candidate of Historical Sciences, speciality 07.00.01: History of Ukraine, I.P. Krypyakevych Institute of Ukrainian Studies of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Lviv, 2005).
The author investigates Kateryna Zarytska’s role in Ukrainian national liberation movement in the 1930 – 1940s. The research is based on systematic analysis of a range of sources not previously used in the historical literature.
The dissertation focuses on the social and political activity of Kateryna Zarytska against the Polish, German and Soviet occupation policies in Ukrainian territory. A special place is devoted to Zarytska’s military intelligence, propaganda and organization work.
The author presents her findings against the background of the situation in Western Ukraine after World War I, when Eastern Galicia was incorporated into Poland. The Polish government’s colonial policy deeply affected Zarytska’s worldview and her dream to live in an independent Ukraine. The atmosphere among her family, her years of study at Ukrainian schools, and participation in Ukrainian youth societies, such as the illegal Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (hereafter OUN) Youth, formulated her nationalist worldview and position as an activist.
The author’s description of Zarytska’s activity in the OUN is divided into three chronological periods: the interwar period, World War II and the postwar period. During the first period Zarytska did reconnaissance in the OUN’s special girl’s detachment. Her activity was part of the OUN’s interwar policy of engaging in “permanent revolution”. This activity later helped Zarytska become a propagandist and famous theorist. During World War II, when the Ukrainian lands became a theater of Soviet-German confrontation, Zarytska pursued a policy of Ukrainian national liberation from both of the totalitarian regimes. After the war, she analyzed domestic (especially national) and foreign policies of the USSR. She wrote important essays describing the USSR’s imperialistic policies against the peoples of Central and Eastern Europe.
The dissertation also investigates Zarytska’s important role in the Ukrainian Red Cross (UChKh). Zarytska organized medical services in Halychyna (Galicia) towards the end of 1943. The UChKh consisted of four departments and cared not only for soldiers of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA) but for civilians too. As an entrusted person of Roman Shukhevych, the chief Commander of the UPA, Zarytska supervised a group of coordinators. She also organized and ran “safe-homes” in which Shukhevych lived and worked.
Analysis of these activities shows the importance of Katerine Zarytska’s social and political activity in the national liberation movement of Ukraine.
Key words: Kateryna Zarytska, national liberation movement, Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists, Ukrainian Insurgent Army, Ukrainian Red Cross, World War II.