ТИПОЛОГІЯ СИМВОЛІЗМУ В ТВОРАХ Ф.С.ФІЦДЖЕРАЛЬДА ТА Т.ОСЬМАЧКИ / сторінка 14
ТИПОЛОГІЯ СИМВОЛІЗМУ В ТВОРАХ Ф.С.ФІЦДЖЕРАЛЬДА ТА Т.ОСЬМАЧКИ
S.Fitzgerald and T.Osmachka.
The methodology of the text interpretation is based on the theoretical and methodological conceptions of C.-G.Jung, M.Eliade, N.Frye, J.Campbell, Cl.Levi-Strauss, Y.Lotman, W.Schmid, G.Genette, D.Naluvayko, N.Ovcharenko, S.Pryhodij and others. Such an approach proved to be useful and productive for the text analysis.
The dissertation focuses on the typology of symbolism in F.S.Fitzgerald`s “The Great Gatsby” and T.Osmachka`s “The Senior Bride`s Man”. Based upon the archetypical criticism it examines in details the complicated system of the “demonic” world which constitutes the symbolic outline through the prism of “exterior” and “interior” symbolic images. It is stated that the “demonic” world of both authors is still in the process of transformation from the “apocalyptic” one. Nevertheless the “double vision” of Fitzgerald is contrasted to mainly evil palette of Osmachka. At the same time both of them have idealistic vision of the past. It is also underlined that the peculiar fusion of the “exterior” and “interior” images, typical for both authors, is based on the Ukrainian and American philosophy and life perception with the basic role of a human heart as a centre of microcosm where all the symbols of macrocosm join and obtain their real meaning.
The thesis also explores architectonics components in the texts. Taking into account works by Jung, alchemists and Christian theologists, philosophical ideas of Emerson and Skovoroda it reveals the circle`s great potential as a structure resisting conscious perception, theoretical views of Plato and Pythagoreans combined with Jung`s Christian outlook conduce to versatile interpretations of the triad, the tetrada and the heptada in the microcosm of “The Great Gatsby” and “The Senior Bride`s Man”.
The tragedy of idealist is determined to have national and personal characteristics such as traits of immigrant`s, puritan`s, rusveltian and enlightment periods drama, unique qualities of an antique buffoon and a medieval knight in “The Great Gatsby” and the peculiarities of psychological crises and split of the Ukrainian nation, the drama of Ukrainian intellectual and the Cossacks, Christian drama in “The Senior Bride`s Man”.
The thesis also investigates the symbolism of narrators as the implication of different social status and models. It exposes the eternal (a priest, a Sage) as well as other everyday images of the narrator in “The Great Gatsby” and predominantly typical and everyday life ones (a peasant, a teacher, a patriot, a Ukrainian) in “The Senior Bride`s Man”.
The researcher probes into application of Apollo and Dionysus discourse and as a result stresses upon two types of the main heroes in the texts under consideration as the reincarnation of Dionysus. Fitzgerald uses the active type of the hero (Gatsby) who represents all the traits of Prometheus. It is a combination of Aryan and Semitic myths where the death of the hero is punishment. On the other hand Osmachka uses the passive type of the hero (Lundyk) who fulfils the traits of Oedipus and is innocent even after the murder.
The author draws to the conclusion that different implications of structure and symbolic elements in the texts show the originality and peculiarity of Fitzgerald`s and Osmachka`s world outlook in combination with national, pagan and Christian perception.
Key words: symbolism, symbol, archetype, structure, exterior, interior, circle, number, narrator.
Підписано до друку 29.12.2005 р. Формат 60х90/16.
Ум. друк. арк. 0,9. Обл.-вид. арк. 0,9.
Тираж 100. Зам. 118.
Видавництво “Науковий світ””®
Свідоцтво ДК № 249 від 16.11.2000 р.
м. Київ, вул. Боженка, 17, оф. 504.
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Реферат на тему: ТИПОЛОГІЯ СИМВОЛІЗМУ В ТВОРАХ Ф.С.ФІЦДЖЕРАЛЬДА ТА Т.ОСЬМАЧКИ